Alicante is a famous tourist center of the Costa Blanca, a city whose architecture combines elements of Greek, Romanesque, Moorish, Gothic styles, baroque and Art Nouveau.
The church “Iglesia de Santa María” is located near the castle of Santa Bárbara. The church of the XV-XVI centuries was built in the Gothic style on the site of a Muslim mosque in honor of the victory over the Moors. Subsequently, the main altar and portal were rebuilt in the Baroque style. They can be seen today. In addition, the Church has beautiful paintings.
Fortress of Santa Barbara (Spanish Castillo de Santa Bárbara). Located in the center of the city, on Mount Benacantil (Mount Benacantil) (166 m).
Museo de Arte del Siglo XX – Museo de la Asegurada (Art Museum of the 20th century) – located in the Plaza de Santa María. The museum has a very interesting collection of 20th century paintings: works by Kandinsky, Braque, Ernst, Chagall, Picasso, Giacometti, Gris, Miro, and Spanish artists of the generation of the 1950s: Alfaro, Canogar, Mompo, Sauri, Tapies, Sabel, Viola.
From the church and the museum, along Calle Mayor, which was the main shopping street of the city until the 19th century, you can go to Plaza del Ayuntamiento, where Ayuntamiento (city hall) is located. This building is famous for its remarkable Baroque facade of the 18th century by the work of the local architect Lorenzo Chapuli.
Every year, in June, the traditional summer solstice or St. John the Baptist celebrates, ending June 24 with the burning of numerous fires in the streets and squares of the city.
The Cathedral of San Nicolás de Bari is located behind Ayuntamiento, on a parallel street. It was built in 1662, dedicated to the patron of Alicante – San Nicolás de Bari and is considered one of the most significant historical monuments of the city. After the civil war of 1936-39, the council was restored. The façade of the cathedral is the work of Juan de Herrera, the architect who designed the monastery of the famous Escorial, near Madrid. In the cathedral is a beautiful gilded altar, surrounded by openwork bars, яas well as altars in the quaint style of the “churriger” (Spanish baroque of the beginning of the XVIII century).
The area El barrio de Santa Cruz (located next to the cathedral) is the only preserved almost untouched Moorish part of the old city where the Moors lived after the victory of Christians.
Museo Arqueológico Provincial (Archaeological Museum) – Palacio de la Diputación. Among the exhibits: ceramics and household items of the Moors and other peoples who have left their mark on the history of Alicante.
Rambla de Méndez Núñez – “heart” of Alicante. All official processions and parades, religious and festive processions pass along this street. La Rambla starts in the city center, near the market, and ends on the promenade in the Paseo Marítimo area and Explanada de España.
Paseo Marítimo – Primorsky Boulevard, a favorite place for walks of citizens and tourists. A lot of shops, restaurants, bars, cafes are located on Paseo Marítimo with its wonderful palm alley. The alley, paved with tiles of scarlet, beige and white marble, gives the impression of an isolated quiet island in the bustle of a modern city.
Monastery of El Monasterio de Santa Verónica / de Santa Faz – is located 5 km from the city, off the highway, towards Valencia. Built in 1766 in the Renaissance style, the portal – in the Baroque style. Here is the fortress tower of the XVI century. Every year in May, more than 50,000 pilgrims and vagabond merchants, with staffs adorned with rosemary twigs, come to the monastery for the feast of Saint Faz to pay homage to the canvas with the Holy Face of Jesus Christ, brought in 1489 in Alicante from Rome. The Plate of Saint Veronica, a piece of cloth on which the features of Jesus Christ are imprinted; according to non-canonical sources, this cloth Saint Veronica wiped bloody sweat from Jesus’ face.